The heart is a very important organ which pumps blood to all parts of the body. The blood is the transport medium trough which nutrients for repairs, replacement of damaged cells and old cells; as well as growth and entire well being of man is made available to all parts of the body.However, the heart depends on on the coronary arteries (Blood vessels) for survival , as there are channels through which it nourishes and nurtures itself.

Heart attacks takes various forms and occurs when a part of the heart is starved of blood and nutrients. Nutrients and blood starvation of the heart occurs when blood vessels are partially or completely blocked by fats or by blood clots, it can result from thickening and reduced elasticity of blood vessels especially with increasing age.

The blocking of heart blood channels is initially not noticeable and non-symptomatic but becomes deadly in the long run. This results in the heart’s inefficiency and failure to pump sufficient blood and this is known as heart failure and could lead to cardiac arrest, Slumping and sudden death. Every individual is potentially pron to heart attacks, especially with increasing age due to Arginine deficiency, thickening and hardening of blood vessels , reduced elasticity of blood vessels and fat disposition. However, the problem of heart disease is largely lifestyles related i.e habits as well as genetically or hereditary. Where heart disease run in a family,the men tend to get attacked earlier in life than the women  and this has been attributed to hormonal make up.

As a guide against heart related problems, there are several laboratory tests that could be conducted regularly to help evaluate the chances of getting a heart attack.


BLOOD PRESSURE: Regularly check your blood pressure; you could do this either with your doctor or by yourself using the portable and affordable blood pressure instrument. If your blood pressure is higher than normal,it indicates a high chance of heart related problems.

TESTS FOR CHOLESTEROL AND FATS: Many people have died from heart problems resulting from high cholesterol.High level of cholesterol and fats in the blood is an indicator of possible heart problems.

BODY WEIGHT TEST: Always keep your weight within the healthy Body Mass Index “BMI” range i.e between 19 – 24 ; If your BMI is above 24 then you are overweight. Your chances of getting heart attacks are high.


There are many factors that could build up heart attacks, prominent among the causes are:

High Blood Pressure (HBP): Note that stress build up HBP. This is an abnormal  blood pressure. It is a measure  of the back pressure which is the opposing force to the free flow of blood in its channels set up by fats blockages, blood clots, thickening and hardening a well as reduced elasticity of blood vessels.

Wrong eating or improper eating: This as it were could cause Heart attacks. One could be said to diet right, if there is harmonization in the type and quantity of food taken with  the type of job one does. The inability to synchronize the type of job with the type of food and quantity of foods taken may lead to fats deposition in the body as well as increased blood volume and weight gain which ultimately lead to unhealthy heart conditions.

High cholesterol: High cholesterol value in the body is hazardous. It has been linked to several heart diseases that has claimed lives. It is highly advisable to check cholesterol levels in the system.

Lack of Exercise: Research and studies have shown that higher incidents of heart attacks are allied health problems among sedentary workers than in physically active people. Regular physical exercise puts one in a perfect physical and mental state of health

Excessive intake of Alcohol: Alcohol encourages blockage of blood vessels by fats formed  through its conversion. In effect, alcohol in the body turns into sugar  and if not used immediately is converted and stored as fat plagues in blood vessels thus obstructing the free flow of blood that could culminate in heart problems.

Smoking: Besides causing cancer, it has been linked to causing heart problems. The risk of getting heart attacks is proportional with the amount of quantity of cigarettes smoked, Larger quantity – Higher risk and vice versa

Being overweight or obese

Being overweight or obese does not directly increase your risk of Chronic heart disease (CHD) and heart attacks, but leads to related risk factors that do. In particular, people who are overweight or obese:

  • have an increased risk of developing high blood pressure
  • tend to have higher levels of cholesterol as a result of eating a high-fat diet
  • have an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes

Other Risk factors are:


Genetics/ Hereditary

Increased blood volume

Malformation of blood vessels

Fats deposition


  1. Exercise regularly
  2. Eat at least five different kinds of fruits and vegetables a day
  3. Do not smoke
  4. Always check your Body Mass Index (BMI)

If you can do these four things, its been shown to lower your risk of dying of heart attack  or stroke by 40% in just 4 years.



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